Xóchitl: Medicinal Plants of Mexico | Atava Garcia Swiecicki
International and I am coming to you from occupied and unseated tewa Pueblo territory, Southern tewa Pueblo in any other case often known as Albuquerque New Mexico and I am right here to share a presentation somewhat bit on natural historical past.
Because it pertains to the historical past of the unimaginable Legacy and custom that comes from Mexico, loads of that is primarily based by myself life expertise and a e-book. I simply wrote which I am going to share about within the ultimately of this presentation, however actually need to share with extra um The Wider natural group um, one thing that I believe usually will get missed and forgotten in regards to the the contribution and the advances that come from the traditions.
In in Mexico so um, I’ll introduce myself in a second with the primary slide extra totally so, like I stated, this presentation is known as so sochito and studying how one can say: nawato, it is the or converse now what it is the language of , hundreds of thousands of individuals In central Mexico, very historic language and mom language – and meaning flower – the interpretation is flower and within the heart this can be a glyph of the the sochitil, because it seems within the mashika Sunstone sort of incorrectly often known as the Aztec calendar of it.
It’S that enormous stone that’s really a a method to sort of map the motion of the Solar and the Moon and the Venus and a part of that may be a a 20-day manner of counting time. You recognize which will get known as like a Ventana or like a month and and sochitil is the final um glyph on this our final day on this calendar, and it represents the flowering of potential of risk of a peak of an vitality or an expertise.
It represents Magnificence, creativity, um. I actually really feel prefer it’s the guts of the custom of of our natural practices that come from Mexico, so um, so my identify, like I stated, is atava Garcia, swaziki um. I’ve ancestors from Central Mexico within the space of Guanajuato um.
I even have our ancestors from New Mexico, the place I’m residing now which can be Danae or Navajo and in addition to Slavic ancestors from what’s now known as Poland and ancestors from Hungary. Quite a lot of my life was trying to find the drugs of my ancestors or to know extra about their traditions and over 20 years in the past, extra like 25 years in the past, I I bought on the trail of learning curanderismo, which is the standard Mexican Medication.
By assembly my first maestras Dona enriqueta Contreras of Oaxaca Estella Roman Cuernavaca, who actually opened my eyes and coronary heart to this, this lovely lovely custom. So what this presentation is about goes to be extra historical past because it pertains to herbalism.
However I do all the time prefer to honor the ancestors of this custom, my ancestors, the ancestors and my lecturers and and all the folks on in in Mexico whose lives had been misplaced or who risked their lives to maintain these practices alive by 500 years of colonization.
I really feel like that is one thing we will not take frivolously, particularly in these political instances that we, we might be able to apply natural drugs freely now however um. You recognize all through historical past, folks have been accused of of Witchcraft and persecuted and killed for his or her practices.
All all over the world and in addition in Mexico um. So my intention for this presentation is simply to share somewhat little bit of the historical past that excites me and perhaps will excite you um, there’s many extra issues that I might share and hopefully future displays.
So I’ll zero in on uh. So properly I am going to first say simply honor the ancestors give a second to that after which I’ll zero in on a cut-off date, about 30 years 30, 40 years after the second of colonization, the place fernan Cortez and his troopers got here to Veracruz and Then, to Tenochtitlan, which is modern-day Mexico Metropolis and actually destroyed an extremely Superior, subtle civilization.
You recognize they burned constructed buildings destroyed, libraries, burned, books killed folks. You recognize hundreds of thousands of individuals died both within the Warfare, the inhuman circumstances and in addition the following small packs epidemic, which was in lots of instances deliberately launched to folks.
So after that interval of that horrible interval, um um, the the Spanish got here and loads of Catholic monks got here and began colleges to coach and convert the natives, the indigenous folks, and when was the varsity in in Mexico Metropolis um.
That was for younger boys and at that time um, the dean of the varsity wished to impress the king of Spain, in order that they they, , commissioned that this e-book documenting The natural practices that had been once more a whole bunch or 1000’s of years previous.
However nonetheless being practiced in in Mexico at the moment. The natural drugs practices, so this turned the the Codex as a result of they are saying de la Cruz, bandiano or the um uh codex of it additionally will get known as the oldest natural texts within the Americas, or is the oldest natural textual content within the Americas.
It has one other transition from Latin, which is just like the little e-book of the drugs of the Indians um. So this e-book was um written in 1552 by a nawat, inawa or mishika indigenous physician. I all the time like to consider them is Martin de la Cruz as a herbalist uh, he wrote it and I consider he additionally was the one who wrote Drew these lovely, colourful fascinating illustrations of the medicinal crops – and I’ve this slide right here so to Simply see among the shade and the richness um, so every web page described the crops and in Latin and in now, what it described somewhat little bit of of the use like this plant was used for ache or for for pores and skin ailments or for sleep.
It’S a fairly sparse textual content by way of the descriptions of using crops, however it’s, I nonetheless suppose it is a treasure, as a result of it’s a doorway right into a a world of medicinal crops that I actually did not find out about an herb faculty and I Suppose extra of us have to learn about so um Juan bandiano, translated it into Latin.
He was additionally an indigenous man. You recognize educated by the Catholic Monks at this faculty uh. One of many curious issues in regards to the e-book is that all the Aztec are actually extra appropriately in meshika medical idea was omitted as a result of, once more all the indigenous practices, the methods of praying the methods of doing ceremony.
The methods of therapeutic had been seen By way of The Eyes of the colonizers or the eyes of the Spanish who had no framework or no perspective, besides to suppose that it was the satan’s work or , sacrilegious.
I need to say simply as a caveat. That’S not true. Um, it was nearly a misunderstanding, however that turned an actual, systematic manner of of actually a persecution and forcing folks to transform to a faith so as to survive so in any case um.
So, curiously, on this, on this medical textual content unlucky, I’d say sadly, in all probability among the juiciest most vital details about actually how the the mashika individuals who, like considered drugs, considered um the human physique considered plant drugs um.
You recognize that was not there, as a result of they did not need to upset the the Catholics um. So one other fascinating factor is that , as as uh historians have studied this textual content. They’Ve additionally seen that loads of the methods, the outline of planets or the makes use of of crops undoubtedly have a an affect that comes from Spain and Europe, so um.
In fact, that is nearly 40 years after first Contact of the Spanish in Mexico. So, in fact, over all these years, particularly since there was such a calculated uh destruction in Rampage and eradication of the indigenous tradition and other people after which a really sturdy enforcement of the the beliefs that got here from Spain, um.
In fact, that might have permeated into this work, or perhaps these these writers of it felt like we have now to place it in there, as a result of that shall be acceptable, um and in addition a few of it. It’S thought that perhaps that it was even fabricated and um not like once more genuine drugs or authentic drugs or conventional drugs, and I personally suppose that a few of these two males – that is my model of historical past – is that these two males had been rebellious and so they had been making Stuff up simply because it was a method to like get a jab on the colonizers.
I do not know if that is true, however perhaps it’s proper. We do not know um in order that the photographs are lovely. The names are once more major and primarily in now what um oops? I need to um spotlight only a few crops which can be quite common or in all probability what most well-known right now that had been on this codex um and one is the the Nobel Cactus additionally known as prickly, pear um [ Music ].
So this was written about within the textual content. I can not learn the Latin what its description says, however I simply need to say once more: the Nepal is a really historic. You recognize plant used for meals and for drugs and for um dye and for uh many issues.
You recognize since Antiquity in Mexico. One other plant that’s on this codex was detora, which in Spanish, I do know they’re known as toloache, however that is sacred de Tora, a really toxic plant that does have psychoactive properties and only a few folks, I believe, know how one can work with it responsibly.
So do not ever take it internally um the way it was used again then at the very least in accordance with codex. I do not. I do not learn Latin, however I can learn sufficient. I do know Spanish sufficient to know that the Latin right here says which I am translating to towards it really works towards ache, which remains to be a use of detora right now topically as a as a um as an oil or as an infused liniment.
It’S a extremely unimaginable analgesic however once more use with warning label. It rather well, so nobody ever takes it internally. Um listed here are simply another photos from the Codex simply so you will get excited and impressed there have been translations.
I’ve a imaginative and prescient since I get to say it on this or rally podcast, that I actually have a imaginative and prescient of a mission that brings herbalists and conventional folks, particularly conventional nawato talking folks from Mexico, coming collectively to truly work with this textual content.
To not solely translate it however to deliver it again into as a residing natural doc that we really work with and use um. I believe it has loads to supply. There’S dozens of crops which can be Monica. You recognize plant monographs in right here, and I believe it is part of our natural historical past that I need to assist.
You recognize sort of deliver again to its vital, give it house um. So I simply desire a segue to speak about a couple of crops which can be within the Codex, though I haven’t got the photographs of them. I simply use what I might discover in Wikipedia which can be : copyright free, however one of the properly in any case some crops which can be, , been used since Antiquity.
You recognize the the flowers, the medicinal crops of Mexico, however that had been are nonetheless very a lot. Part of our herbals Traditions right now in ourismo Traditions right now and one of the vital species that I’ve found all through Mexico are the or sorry the genus is the the tajetes genus.
Actually it has. You recognize, since Antiquity once more for a whole bunch and 1000’s of years been used as medicinal crops as ceremony crops as meals. Quite a lot of religious associations with these crops, and that is one uh.
It will get known as flor de muerto or sempauso chill um. So I am going to speak somewhat bit about that, and this can be a plant that even folks exterior of Mexican or Mexican-American tradition perhaps are acquainted with, as a result of it is develop into very talked-about popularized in Day of the Useless or useless little suertos the plant we use on our altars.
It has an unimaginable presence: it is Aroma, it is shade. It actually uplifts the spirits once we really feel unhappy, once we’re grieving our family members. It is also a plant like once you minimize it, even when it is not in water it, it maintains its Vitality, its vibrancy.
It’S Aroma: it is shade for days after um, after being harvested, even when it is not in um the water, such as you, can see within the background right here of this picture, there’s just like the garlands of the of the marigolds um.
So I really feel like that pertains to its vitality of sort of the immortality of spirit or the way in which that, by reminiscence by these rituals, by telling the tales of our family members that that that they continue to be alive.
I really feel like this plant is the right plant for that um. So it brings consolation in instances of grief and loss. I take advantage of it loads. You recognize as a shower for his Olympia. A banyo is a standard like tub. We do in Korean with flowers and herbs to love cleanse this, the vitality, but additionally to love assist the feelings um, so it actually helps with unhappiness and despair and susto, which is a sort of worry or shock um on a bodily degree.
It’S actually good for digestion, so it is a actually vital plant once more since Antiquity it is within the Codex and it is very a lot continued to Trendy Instances, one other relative one other to jetty’s genus plant relative of the sempaus social is um.
What will get known as in Spanish pericon or an English Mexican tarragon to Jetties, lucida and and now? What’S the – and this can be a lovely plant that I realized about from Grandmother, flor de Mayo, who’s, a Mayan Elder who’s, a part of the Council of 13 indigenous grandmothers and he or she talked about it because it being the grandmother plant the plant that teaches all different crops.
The right way to use its drugs – and I turned very intrigued with it, so I wished to study extra about it, so I’ve executed analysis um and it is undoubtedly used up it to at the present time. In lots of ceremonies in Mexico, together with the feast day of now, it is known as San Miguel, however free Catholicism was uh.
She stated the vitality that presides on the rain and I do need to say somewhat correction to my slide. I hear I’ve plarlock deity of the rain, however um extra not too long ago have been taught by a few of my maestros that in in historic Mexico that we did not have these ideas of gods that that is actually a European idea.
In order that they had been simply actually naming the vitality of the forces of nature, so it is actually flalac the vitality of the rain um. So this additionally just like the opposite to jetty’s um. Oh, I did not say that is to jetty’s erecta, the final two Jetties, however to jetty’s lucida.
Additionally helps all helps, heal many feelings, however particularly unhappiness and grief, and once more these vibrant, yellow and orange colours. You recognize they raise the spirit. It’S simply it is shade remedy proper, however it’s additionally aromatherapy, as a result of it does have that actually pungent, like tarragon, like scent sort of candy um.
I take into account this to be a kudendata plant. Truly, I take into account all the togeti’s crops to be good and useless of crops like they only by working with them by meditating with them by dreaming with them they’re, they educate us about their drugs um this one.
You recognize the identify to Jetties lucida. It does assist with the dream state and brings extra Lucidity like a lucid dream. Is once you awake in your dream once you’re conscious that you just’re dreaming, when you dream, however it additionally will assist with dream recall, it brings therapeutic and goals um on a bodily degree.
It’S additionally warming and good for digestion and has a complete different many many many different bodily makes use of. There was a article within the American herbalist Guild Journal La Abuelita’s, favourite treatment, which is all about pericon.
So I’ve somewhat hyperlink right here, however we use it may use it as a flower. Essence, it is a tea with a tincture and Banos. They are saying that this ritual bats in olympias, that are cleaning of the physique the place we make a bundle of the herbs once we brush it across the physique, normally to launch one thing, however we will do limpias as blessings as rights of passages and the final plan.
I need to discuss is to jetty’s La Moni, which Grows All Round The Bay Space and conventional Ohlone uh territory, um and actually at. After I first realized about to jetty’s lucida, I realized that it is sister, it is sibling.
Her cousin species was rising actually as a bush exterior my door. That is additionally native to extra Northern Mexico and in addition now, what’s thought of the the usSouthwest, which in fact as soon as was the territory of Mexico um.
We additionally name this the grandmother plant and it is once more a extremely lovely plant for um for utilizing for olympias for blessings. For those who do a shower with it, it is going to flip your water vibrant, yellow. So it is a very highly effective in a therapeutic plant and in addition one which’s indigenous to Mexico.
I do not know if this one was within the Codex bandana De La Cruz, so only for some additional info, oops! Oh here is, the slide! All proper. You recognize simply once more to increase the attention of just like the heritage of the crops that come from Mexico.
I imply Mexico is unimaginable: biodiversity, there’s two Coastal Coastal causes like Regents, Atlantic and Pacific. It has excessive desert, it has jungle, um, and every thing in between. So there’s an unimaginable biodiversity of individuals, animals and crops, however I simply need to identify among the different crops which have been gifted us to us from Mexico that we use as herbs as meals as drugs, chocolate, corn, vanilla, Chile, Chia Nopal or prickly pear epazote, Which additionally will get known as wormwood worm seed, not wormwood, worm, seed, avocados mugwort, which in fact is indigenous to so many continents of Mom Earth.
It additionally there’s native species, Mexico yarrow, there’s completely different sages. The blue elderberry, which in English will get known as Mexican Elderberry, can be native to Mexico and Spanish. It’S known as salco um.
The Mexico additionally provides us with peyote Magnolia dahlias, so that you suppose it is misspelled there, Zinnia plumeria tomatoes and and a whole bunch and a whole bunch extra so simply need to honor. You recognize the vastness of this custom and that is uh a picture of one other codex which exhibits um the completely different energies of every Path and every and and there is additionally a sacred Tree in every Path.
I’M additionally on a uh Expedition or mission to determine the which the that are the timber on this on this picture, so um yeah. I simply need to thanks all a lot for listening to my presentation.
I not too long ago printed my first e-book known as The kudendedx toolkit reclaiming ancestral latinx, plant drugs and rituals for therapeutic loads of that data from the slideshow is within the e-book and far way more.
I discuss olympias. I discuss DreamWork. I speak in regards to the the sacred energies um, so, for those who’re yow will discover it, I’d say at your native, unbiased bookstore or you should buy it from my writer, Heyday um.
Yow will discover me at my web site. Ancestorapothecary.Com, there’s additionally the varsity that I based in Oakland, however I am passing on the steward stewardship too known as ancestral Apothecary Faculty, which is able to quickly have a brand new identify, however you can even lookup ancestral Apothecary faculty on on the web and um on Instagram, I am at Meals, Oblique toolkit, so thanks a lot for watching this presentation.